Kon-Tiki tells the incredible adventure of how Thor Heyerdahl demonstrated the possible connection between the pre-Inca and the Polynesian civilisations, crossing the Pacific Ocean with 5 men on a balsa log raft.
Review: “Kon-Tiki” – Thor Heyerdahl (1948)
In the Polinesyan culture and Mytholgy, Tiki is considered the god, son of the sun. A great chief that brought his people from a far away land to live on these Pacific islands. But which one was this far away land?
Studies show that the islands in the South seas have been colonized during two different waves: the first one around 500 a.C. and a second one around 1100. About this second invasion, at the beginning of the XX century, we knew very little. The almost only information were that these people were coming from a “stone age” culture, they had white skin and they were worshiping the god-sun.
There are incredible similarities between the findings in Polynesia and those of the white men civilisation of South America, that the Inca talked about: the colossal representation of their divinity and the monoliths; the use of twisted ropes to remember information in absence of writings skills, like the ones from the Inca in Peru; the white skin and long beard described both by the Inca after this men mysteriously “disappeared” and by those that landed on Easter Island for the first time in 1722; the god sun that Inca called Kon-Tiki and described as the highest priest of the disappeared white men.
These are the premises that push Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnologist, to demonstrate that the Polynesian civilisation is originally from South-America.
Plot (with few spoilers… but this is history!)
“It’s impossible” had been the usual answer Heyerdah received when he was explaining his theory to the science community. “Then you try to go from Peru to the Pacific islands on a balsa raft!”.
What do you do when you have a good theory with many clues but no scientific proof? You organize an expedition on a balsa log raft from Peru to Polynesia!
Heyerdah and 5 other men (navigators, sociologists, radio technicians, engineers) prepare a journey through the Pacific Ocean.
To prove their theory, though, they have to travel in the same way the ancient civilisation would have traveled: they were expert sailing men but very basic resources. Following in every detailed the findings and the descriptions we still have now days, they built a raft made of very specific trees founded in Peru and a sail. They loaded it provisions, they christened it Kon-Tiki and they leave following the and currents.
More than 100 sailing days between storms, whales, giant sea turtles, pet fish, tense moments and great expectations.
There’s a little bit of everything in this book: history, anthropology, navigation, adventure, nature…
I’ve found really interesting the discovery of the relationship between two civilisations so incredibly far away from each other but with the very same ruts. And the slightly crazy process of the author to show the world he was right.
The writing goes from light and funny to very detailed and descriptive.
The book made me feel like I going on a sailing trip (maybe not in the middle of the ocean!). Easter Island gained a couple of steps in my bucket list! Sadly, I didn’t have the chance to visit the Kon-Tiki museum when I wan in Oslo. But the curiosity about this adventure stayed with me, which makes me endorse this book as a good read.